By John Gerring

Case research learn: rules and Practices goals to supply a common knowing of the case research strategy in addition to particular instruments for its profitable implementation. those instruments can be used in all fields the place the case examine strategy is well-known, together with enterprise, anthropology, communications, economics, schooling, medication, political technological know-how, social paintings, and sociology. themes contain the definition of a 'case study,' the strengths and weaknesses of this exact technique, thoughts for selecting circumstances, an experimental template for knowing study layout, and the position of singular observations in case research study. it's argued range of methods - experimental, observational, qualitative, quantitative, ethnographic - could be effectively built-in into case learn study. This publication breaks down conventional limitations among qualitative and quantitative, experimental and nonexperimental, positivist and interpretivist.

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Vandenbroucke (2001: 331). For discussion of this trade-off in the context of economic growth theory, see Temple (1999: 120). Geddes (2003); King, Keohane, and Verba (1994); Popper (1934/1968). 9:17 P1: JZP 052185928Xc03 CUNY472B/Gerring 0 521 85928 X Printer: cupusbw What Is a Case Study Good For? 11 A study of the French Revolution may be conceptualized as a study of revolution, of social revolution, of revolt, of political violence, and so forth. Each of these topics entails a different population and a different set of causal factors.

2 The case study research design exhibits characteristic strengths and weaknesses relative to its large-N cross-case cousin. These trade-offs derive, first of all, from basic research goals such as (1) whether the study is oriented toward hypothesis generating or hypothesis testing, (2) whether internal or external validity is prioritized, (3) whether insight into causal mechanisms or causal effects is more valuable, and (4) whether the scope of the causal inference is deep or broad. These trade-offs also hinge on the shape of the empirical universe, that is, on (5) whether the population of cases under study is heterogeneous or homogeneous, (6) whether 1 2 My intention was to include only those attributes commonly associated with the case study method that are always implied by our use of the term, excluding those attributes that are sometimes violated by standard usage.

In summary, large-N cross-case research is quantitative, by definition. This much conforms to usual perceptions. However, case study research may be either qualitative or quantitative, or both, depending upon the sort of within-case evidence that is available and relevant to the question at hand. Consequently, the traditional association of case study work with qualitative methods is correctly regarded as a methodological affinity, not a definitional entailment. It is true sometimes, but not all the time.

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