By Allyn Maclean Stearman
Stearman describes the altering interethnic relationships among the highland Kolla and the lowland Camba within the Santa Cruz sector of Bolivia’s Amazon Basin, and among those indigenous Bolivians and the Asian and eu immigrants delivered to Bolivia to aid identify the rural colonies.
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Additional info for Camba and Kolla : migration and development in Santa Cruz, Bolivia
The deeply embedded prejudices held by the Camba no doubt will eventually be eroded by time and by the sheer numbers of Kollas moving into Santa Cruz. The largest urban center in the lowlands, it contains nearly a third of the department's 710,724 inhabitants (Bolivia 1976); and although other smaller cities such as Montero are rapidly gaining in prominence, it is Santa Cruz that remains the center of all governmental and commercial activity in the region. Lowland migrants have several motives for leaving the countryside, including, of course, higher wages; but educational needs and the desire to live in an urban setting—the socalled bright lights syndrome—also enter into the decision to migrate.
In the following brief summation of lowland conquest and settlement, then, it is the Sanabrian interpretation that is used. Rather than return emptyhanded to Asunción, Irala sent an envoy to the Audiencia Real in Lima to lay claim to the territories he had discovered east of the Peruvian viceroyalty. Ñuflo christened the site Nueva Asunción in honor of the distant post in Paraguay where his journey had begun. Manso was summoned to Lima but defied his recall, choosing instead to settle near Nueva Asunción where he was killed by a group of hostile Chiriguano Indians.
Mendoza began his stewardship by putting down the Itatín revolt and reestablishing peace in the region. Upon his arrival in Potosí, Mendoza was taken prisoner on order from the viceroy and was beheaded a few days later. San Lorenzo was then moved to the site of the old fort, the Guaranís having been dispersed. Instead, the Cruceñans located five leagues away, where they remained for seventeen years. Charcas may have succeeded in moving the city closer to the highlands, but it was incapable of reshaping its independent, intractable inhabitants.