By John Algeo
Audio system of British and American English exhibit a few awesome ameliorations of their use of grammar. during this particular survey, John Algeo considers questions akin to: •Who lives on a highway, and who lives in a highway? •Who takes a tub, and who has a bathtub? •Who says Neither do I, and who says Nor do I? •After 'thank you', who says on no account and who says you are welcome? •Whose workforce are at the ball, and whose workforce is not? Containing wide quotations from real-life English on either side of the Atlantic, accrued over the last two decades, it is a transparent and hugely geared up consultant to the variations - and the similarities - among the grammar of British and American audio system. Written for people with no previous wisdom of linguistics, it indicates how those grammatical modifications are associated customarily to specific phrases, and offers an available account of up to date English in use
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Additional resources for British or American English? : a handbook of word and grammar patterns
That is, the traditional subjunctive is being assimilated to the concord pattern of indicative verbs, leaving only past time shift as a mark of subjunctiveness. > 1988 Sept. 25 Manchester Guardian Weekly 24/3. ” he [Jeffrey Archer] asked. ”> 1990 Critchfield 290. > 1990 Howard 67. 2 Preterit subjunctive form in past time The preterit subjunctive were is used for counterfactual conditions in present time, traditionally without subject concord. British English, however, sometimes uses were with third person singular subjects for past time in constructions that traditionally call for the indicative.
1986 Oct. 7 Times 15/7. > 1991 Mar. 2 Daily Express 14/3. > 1977 Barnard 41. > 1988 Stoppard 24. < . . > 1991 Feb. 3 Sunday Times 2/4. 3 Verb phrases “Verb phrase” here refers to a simple verb or combinations of a main verb and auxiliaries. 1 Present tense A passive present tense is sometimes used in British to report a generally current situation, for which American would use the present progressive, the present perfect, or a future tense.
21). American English is less likely than British to have the second construction. > 1985 Mortimer 231. British English uses the passive verb be drowned as a semantic equivalent of the intransitive drown: He (was) drowned while trying to swim across a river (Swan 1995, 166). American journalism is reported as conventionally using intransitive drown for accidental drowning and the passive of transitive drown for intentional drowning: He was drowned by his kidnappers (Gilman 1994, 373). However, any context in which transitive drown is implied permits the passive, whether or not intention is involved, for example, The rising waters drowned him might underlie He was drowned.