By Saunders, Nicholas J.; Cornish, Paul

"Twentieth-century battle is a different cultural phenomenon and the final twenty years have visible major advances in our skill to conceptualize and comprehend the previous and the nature of contemporary technological war. on the vanguard of those advancements has been the re-appraisal of the human physique in clash, from the ethics of digging up First international warfare our bodies for tv programmes to the contentious  Read more...

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What is often lost in the trial documentation is the individual diversity in dealing with the genocidal situation. There was indeed a continuum of cooperation with the imposed project of extermination. Some men were “willing executioners,” volunteering for the Jew hunt, eager to join the roundups and the shootings and given to haphazard cruelty (and sometimes equally random kindness, too, since unpredictable favors on a whim would even better display their supreme power over other human beings).

The remaining two combinations, high compliance–low empathy and low compliance–high empathy, should allow us to predict with some confidence where the subject would end up on the shock scale in each experimental setting. Paradoxically, after having demonstrated that obedience to    authority figures was much more common than many would have expected, Milgram’s followers concluded that personal psychology was irrelevant in explaining compliance to authority. Supposedly, it depended on the characteristics of the situation alone.

Most of them, indeed, were in some sense banal. 13 Her readers, being told with the seal of Arendt’s authorial and philosophical rank, that what they had been thinking all along was novel and profound, piously gobbled it all up. 16 The isolation, deportation, extreme exploitation, and final extermination of millions of people is not banal. 17 Milgram’s Punishing Experiment and Its Ambiguous Outcomes In the meantime and no doubt inspired by the Eichmann trial, a series of spectacular psychological experiments received rapt attention in the United States and across the world.

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