By Scott R. MacKenzie
Before the increase of personal houses as we now comprehend them, the area of private, inner most, and native family members in England was once the parish, which used to be additionally the sector of poverty administration. among the 1740s and the 1790s, legislators, political economists, reformers, and novelists transferred the parish system’s features to a different establishment that promised self-sufficient prosperity: the laborer’s cottage. increasing its scope past the parameters of literary background and former experiences of domesticity, Be It Ever So Humble posits that the fashionable middle-class domestic used to be conceived throughout the eighteenth century in England, and that its first population have been the negative.
Over the process the eighteenth century, many contributors in discussions approximately poverty administration got here to think that non-public family members dwellings may possibly flip England's indigent, unemployed, and discontent right into a self-sufficient, effective, and patriotic hard work strength. Writers and thinkers interested by those debates produced copious descriptions of what a personal domestic used to be and the way it concerning the collective nationwide domestic. during this physique of texts, Scott MacKenzie pursues the origins of the fashionable middle-class domestic via an in depth set of discourses—including philosophy, legislation, faith, economics, and aesthetics—all of which brush up opposed to and infrequently spill over into literary representations.
Through shut readings, the writer substantiates his declare that the personal domestic was once first invented for the terrible and that simply later did the center type applicable it to themselves. therefore, the overdue eighteenth century proves to be a watershed second in home's conceptual existence, person who produced a remarkably wealthy and intricate set of cultural principles and images.
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Additional info for Be It Ever So Humble: Poverty, Fiction, and the Invention of the Middle-Class Home
Indd 38 12/5/12 3:57 PM Introduction 39 embracing peace and refreshed private relations under the new regime of William and Mary. By focusing on the Glorious Revolution instead of the Act of Union as the key historical event of the period, Scott ascribes the founding of the home nation not to a renunciation, but to a “revolution” that Edmund Burke famously defined as a reestablishment of the natural constitutional order rather than a rupture with the past. The British home nation coalesced, according to this narrative, not when Scotland lost its political independence, but when feudal relations gave way to private property.
53 I take this same principle to be a clear premise of much or all of the large body of literary criticism relating to eighteenth- and nineteenth-century British domesticity that I cite as precedent for my study. Such an approach to the relationship between literature and the world has a strong heritage. One of its most famous expressions is Benedict Anderson’s request that we “consider the basic structure of two forms of imagining which first flowered in Europe in the eighteenth century: the novel and the newspaper.
Indd 39 12/5/12 3:57 PM 1 “Stock the Parish with Beauties” Henry Fielding’s Parochial Vision A parish where the minister and the parochial officers did their duties with activity and zeal, might be almost as well ordered as a private family. —Robert Southey, Quarterly Review, 1820 W hile no British Parliament of the eighteenth century ever met to outlaw chivalric romance, the nation’s unacknowledged legislators certainly did. Poets and reviewers subjected the motifs and themes of romance to derision and made its characteristic sensibilities vehicles for satire.