By Professor William Labov, Sharon Ash, Associate Professor of Linguistics Charles Boberg

"The Atlas of North American English" offers the 1st total view of the pronunciation and vowel platforms of the dialects of the U.S. and Canada. The Atlas re-defines the local dialects of yank English at the foundation of sound adjustments lively within the Nineteen Nineties and attracts new barriers reflecting these adjustments. it's according to a cell survey of 762 neighborhood audio system, representing the entire urbanized parts of North the USA. it's been constructed by way of invoice Labov, one of many prime sociolinguists of the realm, with his colleagues Sharon Ash and Charles Boberg. The Atlas involves a published quantity observed by way of an interactive CD-ROM. beginning January 2006, the print and multimedia content material may also be to be had on-line. it's a mixed version: e-book and Multimedia CD-ROM. the published quantity comprises: 23 chapters that re-define the geographic limitations of North American dialects and hint the effect of gender, age, schooling, and town dimension at the growth of sound switch; findings that convey a dramatic and extending divergence of English in North the USA; 139 4 color maps that illustrate the nearby distribution of phonological and phonetic variables around the North American continent; and one hundred twenty 4 color vowel charts of person audio system. The interactive multimedia CD-ROM supplementations the broadcast articles and maps by way of delivering: a knowledge base with measurements of greater than 100,000 vowels and suggest values for 439 audio system; the Plotnik software for mapping all of the person vowel structures; prolonged sound samples of all North American dialects; and interactive purposes to reinforce lecture room displays. the web merely model offers print and multimedia content material. the net merely model deals: simultaneous entry to the print and multimedia content material to all clients within the university/library community; a much wider number of interactive info, maps, and audio samples that might be often up-to-date; scholars with concurrent entry to investigate fabric for school room assignments.

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2), 79 responded “White”, “American”, “European”, or some other non-specific information. 2. The other figures show only the first identification given. Most of the subjects named more than one nationality in response to this question (418 out of 762). 2 shows only the first response given; the overall proportions of national ancestral groups are similar for second, third, and fourth items given. The bold figures show the mode for each region. S. Census for all Americans. 1 are based on figures given for occupation of employed persons 16 years old and over in Table 18, “Labor force and disability characteristics of persons: 1990” from the census volume series CPH-3.

In general, African-American speakers do not participate in the regional sound changes that are the main focus of ANAE (Labov 1966; Labov and Harris 1986; Veatch 1992; Labov 2001: 506–508; Thomas 2001). S. (p. 165), even in the South (p. 7 At the same time, there are consistent differences between African-Americans and whites in the South, even in the earliest records. g. Detroit), African-Americans do not appear to have had any influence on the evolution of the white vernacular, either in the city or the surrounding suburbs.

F. am, an (lawn, spawn). E. oht (thought, daughter, brought). Its current distribution is largely limited to final position and words terminating in /t, d, k, n, l, z/. The lengthening of /o/ before nasals and voiceless fricatives enlarged the /oh/ class considerably, but did not materially affect the number of environments where contrast with /o/ is to be found. /ah/ “broad-a”. E. a: was raised to a mid-back vowel oa. E. a: was created by lengthening in open syllables, it was raised to a mid front vowel which became modern /ey/.

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