By Krasimir Kabakčiev (auth.)
Based on an past version released in 1992 in Bulgarian, this e-book bargains a selected method of essentially the most debatable difficulties in linguistics. in response to it, point is the results of a sophisticated and complicated interaction among the referents of verbs and nouns within the sentence. specified realization is paid to the position nouns and noun words play within the explication of point in English (and related languages). The grammatical marking of element is proven to be a compensatory phenomenon imposed by way of language constitution. Comparisons made utilizing Slavic (mainly Bulgarian) info show that compositional point is a replicate snapshot of verbal element. while explicated compositionally, point is usually decided via pragmatic elements. eventually, it truly is a part of man's cognitive strength.
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Extra info for Aspect in English: A “Common-Sense” View of the Interplay between Verbal and Nominal Referents
Thus the grounds for a strict division of verbs in English into telic and atelic appear to be rather unstable - unless separate telic and atelic meanings could be identified for every single verb. The examples above also show that the distinction ON THE ESSENCE OF ASPECT 23 between telic and atelic meanings resembles to a certain degree the contrast between transitivity and intransitivity. But while the transitive/intransitive distinction is almost always reflected in dictionaries, the telic/atelic opposition remains ignored despite its obvious significance for the interpretation of many sentences and the fact that it has already been recognised and discussed in the literature for a long time.
Thus sentence (ISa) with a perfective verb below is not just "non-grammatical to a large degree" which is the usual case of non-grammaticality; it is an absolutely impossible sentence. Compare, however, sentences of type (ISb), (lSc) and (lSd), in which the perfective verb implies repetition, conditional modality and a future action, respectively, and which are fully grammatical, normal and even common: (IS) a. *Ivan stanepfv Ivan stands up b. Ivan e nerven - tu stanepfv, tu sednepfv Ivan is nervous - once stands up, once sits down 'Ivan is nervous - keeps standing up and sitting down' c.
Is the Greek imperfect aspect, for example, the same as the Slavic imperfective? How do we know, and what do we mean by saying this? Here there are widely differing opinions" (Binnick 1991: 147). Later on it will be shown that while opinions may, indeed differ, a model for viewing aspect in cross-language terms as a unified and universal language phenomenon has already been proposed (Kabakciev 1984b). And in the following passages it will be seen that the lack of a satisfactory answer to the question whether there is aspect in English has probably also been caused by the lack of an appropriately formulated question.