By Nigel Thomas

That includes especially commissioned full-color paintings, this attractive research explains and illustrates the armies that fought within the epic fight for the rebirth of the autonomous Polish kingdom, within the sour aftermath of worldwide battle I and the Russian Revolution.

In 1917 Poland used to be famous as a kingdom by means of Russia, however the Bolshevik coup threatened this. The Polish chief Marshal Pilsudski moved quickly to construct a military round Polish global struggle I veterans, and in 1918 struggle broke out for Poland's independence, regarding the the Poles, the purple and White Russian armies, not less than diversified Ukrainian forces, and Allied intervention troops. The armies that fought those campaigns have been terribly assorted of their uniforms and insignia, apparatus and guns, and whilst peace used to be signed in 1921, Poland had accomplished well-known nationhood for the 1st time considering that 1794.

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Additional info for Armies of the Russo-Polish War 1919-21

Example text

Polish Institute & Sikorski Museum, London) Highland Infantry wore the M1919 khaki mountain service cap with a silver eagle badge, and a white eagle’s feather tipped red tucked in the band. Cavalry (light horse, lancers and mounted rifles) wore dark blue service-dress riding breeches with regimentally coloured piping and wide stripes. The Tartar Lancer Regiment wore a traditional green shortsleeved, decorated waistcoat over a grey tunic, and red breeches striped white. Air Service flying personnel wore brown or black leather jackets/ coats or khaki flying overalls lined with brown fur, and brown leather flying helmets.

An M1881/1909 officers’ sword or Caucasian M1904 shashka was often worn suspended from a narrow strap over the right shoulder, and sometimes a kindzhal dagger in the belt. Rank-and-file wore the M1912 enlisted waistbelt with one or two M1909 ammunition pouches; an M1897, M1899, M1901, M1909, M1914 or M1915 waterbottle; a bayonet frog; and an M1916 light brown canvas bag slung over the right shoulder. 62mm Mosin-Nagant rifle usually with a fixed bayonet, or German Mauser, Austrian Mannlicher, Japanese Arisaka or US variant Winchester rifles.

Com Table 8: Polish Army rank insignia, 1 November 1919–7 December 1925 1a/1b 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Table 8. Rank insignia were worn on the khaki (1a: greyish light blue) shoulder straps of the M1919 service and field uniforms, with M1919 silver-plated eagle buttons. Unit numbers and monograms (straps 5–18) were worn at the base of the service shoulder straps, but not on field straps illustrated here. General officers (Generałowie), 1–4: 3–1 stars (1: crossed maces with gold heads) above triple zigzag embroidery, all in silver wire.

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