By Paul E. Johnson
A quarter-century after its first booklet, A Shopkeeper's Millennium is still a landmark work--brilliant either as a brand new interpretation of the intimate connections between politics, economic climate, and faith throughout the moment nice Awakening, and as a shocking portrait of a swiftly transforming into frontier urban. The spiritual revival that reworked the United States within the 1820s, making it the main militantly Protestant country on the earth and spawning reform hobbies devoted to temperance and to the abolition of slavery, had a particularly strong impression in Rochester, ny. Paul E. Johnson explores the explanations for the revival's striking good fortune there, suggesting vital hyperlinks among its ethical accounting and the city's new business international. In a brand new preface, he reassesses his proof and his conclusions during this significant paintings.
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Extra info for A Shopkeeper's Millennium: Society and Revivals in Rochester, New York, 1815-1837
Status striving is the main engine: universities compete with one another for external sources as a means of expanding their activities, programs, and standing; state universities compete with universities to approach status equality. The long-standing striving of the polytechnics to gain parity with the universities in the United Kingdom is a conspicuous example from abroad. Accretion in the community colleges is still another variant. As mainly public institutions they have traditionally been restricted to two-year degree programs (and prohibited from offering others), though some have succeeded in converting to four-year colleges, and many states now permit granting of baccalaureate degrees by community colleges—an accretion.
A consistent theme was that the German members could find much to praise about the American system (especially its political decentralization and competition among universities) and almost nothing to praise about their own. In the meantime, the American members appeared to be noncommittal about the German system but quick to criticize their own on many counts. This anomaly produced a number of dialogues between the deaf. I would like to develop this anomaly—this theme of ambivalence— further. In doing so, I will first enunciate a little model that has served me well as a scholar of social change.
At the height of the federal bonanza of research support by the federal government in the 1960s, Nisbet (1971) complained of its degradation and corruption of academic values. The very influential manifesto by Boyer (1990) in the wake of a flood of bashing colleges and universities for their educational failures in the 1980s (Bennett 1984; National Institute of Education 1984; Association of American Colleges 1985) is perhaps the most notable protest against the consequence of the research emphasis.