o'uop'ufudo'utud"to pierce" ,,to menlion,, hoovnonnodu- kool- In its frequentativemeaning, rcduplicalion can co-occur wilh {tl: uto fly" - - .

In the verbal complex, it occlipies $e final position. 4. =Ll habitual action (HAB) This expresses habituality of |he action, both in the past and non-past. ln lhe past it requires the verb to be in the paradigm "E". / | / is often lowered ro [e] (PR 6). In the following pairs of sentences,the first sentence is aspectually unmarked (and, being in the non-past, implies a progressive action), while the second gives expressionto a habitual action: ? 6 I l + l l e l n k u n u m b ln d t o I+HAB N walk-A-ls "I go (habitually) to Nkunumbin cquivalent lo: l 3 ' ) ?

It is often used, however, in naffation to imply that the speaker hirnself did nol wiftress the event he is speaking of, but merely 'rreportsrrthe information. 1. Deictics The deictics, norrnally affixed to the noun (cf. ), can be suffixed to the vcrbal form or inserted in the particle complex in order to connect the verbal phrase Io the nouns; in their bound form, they occur as the final elements in the particle complex or the verbal form, and the adpositions often precede them (while in rhe noun phrase the adpositions occlr as final elements).

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