By Pradyot Patnaik
The definitive consultant to the dangerous houses of chemical compounds
Correlating chemical constitution with toxicity to people and the surroundings, and the chemical constitution of compounds to their unsafe homes, A entire consultant to the dangerous houses of chemicals, 3rd Edition permits clients to evaluate the toxicity of a substance even if no experimental facts exists. therefore, it bridges the distance among unsafe fabrics and chemistry. greatly up-to-date and multiplied, this reference:
- Examines organics, metals and inorganics, business solvents, universal gases, particulates, explosives, and radioactive ingredients, masking every thing from toxicity and carcinogenicity to flammability and explosive reactivity to dealing with and disposal practices
- Arranges dangerous chemicals in line with their chemical buildings and sensible teams for simple reference
- Includes up-to-date info at the poisonous, flammable, and explosive homes of chemical substances
- Covers extra metals within the chapters on poisonous and reactive metals
- Updates the edge publicity limits within the office air for a couple of substances
- Features the newest info on commercial solvents and poisonous and flammable gases
- Includes a variety of tables, formulation, and a thesaurus for fast reference
since it offers info that allows people with a chemistry heritage to accomplish checks with out earlier facts, this entire reference appeals to chemists, chemical engineers, toxicologists, and forensic scientists, in addition to commercial hygienists, occupational physicians, Hazmat execs, and others in similar fields.
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Extra info for A comprehensive guide to the hazardous properties of chemical substances
Lower aliphatic ethers are anesthetics. Aliphatic hydrocarbons exhibit mild toxicity but primarily an anesthetic effect. Higher fatty alcohols are nontoxic. Aromatic hydrocarbons are narcotics. Benzene exhibits both acute and chronic toxicity. The chronic effects — anemia, abnormal increase in blood lymphocytes, and decrease in the number of blood platelets — are more serious. Some of the polynuclear aromatics are carcinogens. Substitution of hydrogen atoms in the organic structures with halogen atoms — chlorine or bromine — imparts very different toxic properties to the molecules.
Anorexia Lack or loss of appetite for food. Anoxia Reduction of oxygen in the body tissues below physiologic levels. Anticoagulant An agent that prevents blood clotting. Antidote Substance that is administered to reverse the poisoning effects of a toxicant. Aplasia Lack of development of an organ or tissue. Arrhythmia Variation from the normal rhythm of the heartbeat. Asphyxiant Substance that displaces oxygen or reduces the amount of oxygen in the air or limits the blood from transporting adequate oxygen to the vital organs of the body.
Also, ring formation for a given carbon number increases the solubility. For alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes, types of hydrocarbons (all of which have very low solubility in water) branching increases the solubility; while for aromatics and cycloalkanes, there is no effect from branching. All hydrocarbons are almost insoluble in water. These substances, however, are soluble in nonpolar solvents, such as carbon tetrachloride or hexane. D OCTANOL/WATER PARTITION COEFFICIENT Toxicity of many substances, their biological uptake and lipophilic storage in the body, their bioconcentrations (movements through the food chain resulting in higher concentrations), and so forth, as well as their fate in the environment can be predicted from their octanol/water partition coefﬁcients, Poct .