By Earl R. Mac Cormac
During this booklet, Earl Mac Cormac provides an unique and unified cognitive conception of metaphor utilizing philosophical arguments which draw upon proof from mental experiments and theories. He notes that implications of this thought for which means and fact with particular consciousness to metaphor as a speech act, the enduring that means of metaphor, and the improvement of a four-valued method of fact. a number of examples of metaphor from poetry and technological know-how are offered and analyzed to aid Mac Cormac's theory."A Cognitive concept of Metaphor takes up 3 degrees of explanation--metaphor as expressed in floor language, the semantics of metaphor, and metaphor as a cogitive process--and unifies those via examining metaphor as an evolutionary wisdom approach during which metaphors mediate among minds and tradition. Mac Cormac considers, and rejects, the novel idea that each one use of language is metaphorical; besides the fact that, this argument additionally acknowledges that the "theory of metaphor could itself be metaphorical.The e-book first considers the computational metaphor frequently followed by way of cognitive psychology for instance of metaphor requiring research. unlike 3 famous philosophical theories of metaphor - the strain concept, the controversion conception, and the grammatical deviance concept - it develops a semantical anomaly conception of metaphor in line with a quasi-mathematical hierarchy of phrases. In constructing the speculation, Mac Cormac makes much-needed connections among theories of metaphor and extra orthodox analytic philosophy of that means, together with discussions of speech acts and the common sense of fuzzy units. This semantical idea of clarification is then proven to be suitable with modern psychologicaltheories of memory.Earl R. MacCormac is Charles A. Dana Professor of Philosophy and Chairman of the dep. of Philosophy, Davidson university. A Bradford ebook.
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Extra info for A Cognitive Theory of Metaphor
I deal with this distinction further in chapter 7. The controversion theory differentiates between metaphor and ordinary language by observing that a literal reading of a metaphor produces statements that are false. 7 To avoid this falsehood, the metaphor must be read speculatively as if it were true or false. 8 Neither poets nor scientists, however, want to be trapped into making false assertions when they propose speculative metaphors. Sherrington probably wanted to suggest an insightful way of looking at the brain rather than intentionally propose a false assertion about it.
Confronted by the identification of the human mind with a computer or with stars as the pimples of consciousness, the hearer may feel tension in the metaphor. The seeming misuse of language produces this tension, but the hearer also finds meaning in the metaphor. How can this be? If the metaphor is literally false and/or ungrammatical, then how can we account for its apparent meaning? A tension theorist may propose that the meaning arises out of the metaphor's emotive import. Convinced that literature could not be tested in the same way as scientific language, I.
The emotive theory of metaphor, a subset of the tension theory, argues that metaphors may be false but that they are meaningful through their expression of emotive import. Metaphors present the emotive feelings of the author as well as stimulate similar and other emotional feelings in the hearer. Emotive theorists thought that they had resolved the dilemma uncovered by the controversion theory. Metaphors did not have to be paraphrased or reduced to analogies; they could remain metaphors even though false and yet could be meaningful and insightful.